24 health tips and home remedies for cough

Health tips and Home Remedies 

24 Health tips and Home Remedies for Cough

24 health tips and home remedies for cough

What Is Cough?
Coughs play an important role in removing irritants and infections from the respiratory track, but continuous coughing can be irritating.
There are three steps to a cough:
Inhalation (breathing in).
Amplified pressure in the throat and lungs with the vocal cords closed.
Rapid release of air when the vocal cords open, giving a cough its typical sound.
If somebody coughs a lot, it can be a due to disease. Many time coughs are caused by infectious diseases, like the common cold, but there might be also non-infectious causes.

What Causes Cough?

Causes of acute (short-term) cough

In most of the cases, the infection is in the upper respiratory tract and affects the throat, this is known as a URTI or URI (upper respiratory tract infection).
Clearing the throat
A cough is a common way of clearing the throat and air passage. When airways become blocked with mucus or foreign particles such as smoke or dust, a cough is a reflex reaction that attempts to remove the particles and make breathing easier.
Usually, this type of coughing is comparatively infrequent, but coughing will increase with exposure to irritants such as smoke.

Viruses and bacteria

The most common cause of a cough is a viral or bacterial respiratory tract infection, such as a cold or flu. Respiratory tract infections are usually caused by a virus and may last from a few days or a week. Infections caused due to the flu may take a little longer to clear up and may sometimes require antibiotics.


It is a LRTI (lower respiratory tract infection), the lungs are infected in this case, and/or the airways lower down from the windpipe. Examples include:
  • bronchitis
  • pneumonia
  • An acute cough may also be caused by hay fever attack.

Causes of chronic (long-term) cough


Smoking is most common cause of coughing. A cough caused by smoking is always a chronic cough with a characteristic sound. It is often known as “smoker’s cough.”


Another common cause of coughing in all age group is asthma. Characteristically, asthmatic coughing involves wheezing, making it easy to identify. Asthma caused cough should receive treatment using an inhaler. It is also possible for children to grow out of asthma as they get older.


Some medications may cause coughing, although this is rare medicinal side effect. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibiting drugs, commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart conditions, may cause coughing.

Health Tips for Cough:

1. Quit smoking

Smoking is a common cause to a chronic cough. It is very difficult to cure a “smoker’s cough.” There are a number of methods available to help you stop smoking, from gadgets like electronic cigarettes to advice groups and support networks. Once you stop smoking, you will be less likely to catch colds or suffer from a chronic cough.

2. Dietary changes

People who eat diets containing fruit, fiber, and flavonoids are less likely to have chronic coughs.
Acid reflux is a very common cause of a cough. Try to avoid foods that can trigger acid reflux is one of the best ways to manage to reduce the cough.
Each individual may have different reflux triggers that they need identify and to avoid. People who are not sure of what causes their reflux can begin by avoiding the most common triggers from their diet and monitoring their symptoms.
The list of foods and beverages that most commonly trigger acid reflux include:
·               Alcohol
·               Caffeine
·               Chocolate
·               Citrus foods
·               Fried and fatty foods
·               Garlic and onions
·               Mint
·               Spices and spicy foods
·               Tomatoes and tomato-based products

3. Medical Conditions          

It is advisable to stay away from patient suffering from contagious illnesses, such as bronchitis or follow precaution to avoid coming into contact with germs. You should wash your hands regularly, and you should not share towels, or pillows.
If you have existing medical conditions which increase your chances of developing a cough, such as GERD or asthma, consult your physician about different management strategies. Once the condition is properly managed, you may find that your cough disappears, or it may become much less recurrent.

4. Stay Hydrated

Staying hydrated is very essential for those with a cough or cold.  People with additional symptoms of a cold or flu may get benefit from warming up their beverages.
The symptom may relief immediate and remained for a continued period after having the warm beverage.
Hot beverages that may be comforting include:
·         clear broths
·         herbal teas
·         decaffeinated black tea
·         warm water
·         warm soups

5. Using disinfectant

When any one of family member is ill, clean the floor, kitchen and bathroom regularly with a disinfectant. Wash bedding, towels, and soft toys on a hot wash separately.

6. Reducing stress

Stress always affects the immune system and increases the risk of getting sick. To relieve stress, a person can exercise regularly, meditate, do deep breathing, and follow progressive muscle relaxation techniques. Always aim to sleep for 7–9 hours each night to stay fit and healthy.
7. Taking immune-boosting supplements
Consider taking mineral and vitamin supplements like zinc, vitamin C, and probiotics during cold and flu season to keep illness at bay. Sometimes allergy symptoms can mimic those of a cold. Decrease allergy flare-ups by avoiding triggers such as pollen, dust mites, animal dander, and mold. Consult a doctor about getting allergy shots or medications.

Home Remedies for Cough:

1. Honey tea

To treat a cough, mix 2 teaspoons (tsp) of honey with warm water or an herbal tea. Drink this honey tea once or twice a day. Please do not give honey to children below 1 year of age.

2. Ginger

Ginger is good for asthmatic cough, as it has good anti-inflammatory properties.
Some anti-inflammatory contents in ginger can relax membranes in the airways, which could reduce coughing. Drink up a soothing ginger tea by adding 15–30 grams of fresh ginger slices to a cup of hot water. Allow to settle for a few minutes before drinking. Add honey and lemon juice to improve the taste and further soothe a cough.
In some cases, ginger tea may cause stomach upset or heartburn.

3. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a natural tonic that is been used as medicine remedies for centuries. Its key active ingredient is acetic acid, helps to fight bacteria.
Some ancient physicians prescribe a combination of apple cider vinegar and honey - to treat flu symptoms that is coughs and sore throats.
To help release throat pain, drink 1 cup of warm water mixed with 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and tablespoon of honey.

4. Steam

A wet cough, which is one that produces mucus or phlegm, may relieved by steam. Take a hot shower or bath and stay in the bathroom filled with steam for a few minutes until symptoms subside. Drink a glass of water and moisturize body afterward to cool down and prevent dehydration.
Otherwise, make a steam bowl. For this, fill a large bowl with hot water. Add herbs or essential oils to bowl, such as eucalyptus or rosemary, which may also relieve decongestion. Lean over the bowl and place a towel over the head to traps the steam. Inhale the vapors for 5 to 7 minutes. If the steam feels hot on the face skin, discontinue until the skin cools down and restart.

5. Marshmallow root

Marshmallow root is an herb that has a ancient history of use as a treatment for sore throats and cough. The herb can relieve irritation resulting from coughing because of its high mucilage content. Mucilage is a thick, gluey ingredient that coats the throat.
Marshmallow root herbal cough syrup, along with thyme and ivy, effectively relieved coughs resulting from common colds and respiratory tract infections. After 10 days of treatment, 90 percent of the peoples find it effective.
Marshmallow root is available as a dried herb or a bagged tea in market. Add hot water to it and drink it immediately or allow it to cool first. The longer the marshmallow root steeps in the hot water, the more mucilage will be in the water.
It may cause stomach upset, but it may be possible to counter this by drinking extra fluids.

6. Salt-water gargle

This is simple and one of the most effective remedy for treating a sore throat and wet cough. Salt water decreases phlegm and mucus in the back of the throat which can lessen the need to cough.
Add and stir half a teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water until it dissolves. Allow the solution to cool down slightly before using it to gargle. Let the mixture remain at the back of the throat for a few moments before spitting it out. Gargle with salt water several times each day until the cough suppress.

7. Bromelain

Pineapples contain bromelain, which may help to relieve cough.
Bromelain is an enzyme that comes from pineapples. It is most plenteous in the core of the fruit.
Bromelain has anti-inflammatory and mucolytic properties, which means that it can break down mucus and remove it from the air way.
Some people drink pineapple juice once daily to reduce mucus in the throat and suppress coughing. However, there may not be sufficient bromelain in the juice to relieve symptoms.
Bromelain supplements are available in market and may be more effective at relieving a cough. However, it is best to speak with a physician before trying any new supplements.
It is possible that you may allergic to bromelain, and it can also cause side effects and interact with medications. Who take blood thinners or specific antibiotics should not consume bromelain.

8. Thyme

Thyme has both cookery and medicinal uses and is a very common remedy for a cough, a sore throat, bronchitis, and digestive issues.
Cough syrup consisting of thyme and ivy leaves relieved coughing more effectively and more rapidly in people with acute bronchitis. Antioxidants property in the plant may be responsible for its benefits.

9. Licorice root

Interestingly, it has been used in ancient medicine to treat many disorders.
Licorice has properties alike to aspirin that may help reduce sore throat pain.
Individuals who had just undergone major surgery found that licorice meaningfully reduced throat pain due to breathing tube removal.
Gargling with licorice water prior to surgery decreases the risk of getting a sore throat by 50%, compared to gargling with sugar water.
Licorice root tea can be purchased at any stores or from online retailers.
You can make your own to drink or gargle. Combine ground licorice root with hot water, keep it for five minutes, and then strain it prior to drinking.

10. Slippery elm

Usually slippery elm bark used to treat coughing and digestive issues. Slippery elm is alike to marshmallow root as it contains a high level of mucilage, which helps to soothe a sore throat and cough.
Make slippery elm tea by adding 1 tsp of the dried herb to a cup of hot water, keep it for at least 10 minutes before drinking. It is important to note that slippery elm may interfere with the absorption of medications.

11. N-acetylcysteine (NAC)

NAC is a supplement that derived from the amino acid L-cysteine. Taking a daily dose may reduce the frequency and severity of a wet cough by reducing mucus in the airways.
NAC may significantly and reliably reduce symptoms in people with chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a sustained inflammation of the airways that causes mucus build-up, a cough, and other symptoms.
Daily dose of 600 milligrams (mg) of NAC for people without airway obstruction, and up to 1,200 mg where there is an obstruction are recommended.
NAC can have severe side effects like hives, swelling, fever, and difficulty breathing. Anyone considering this approach should consult physician first.

12. Probiotics

Probiotics do not directly relieve a cough, but they may increase the immune system by balancing the bacteria in the gut.
A superior immune system can help to bout off infections or allergens that may be causing the cough.
One type of probiotic, a bacteria called Lactobacillus, provides a most benefit in preventing the common cold.
Supplements containing Lactobacillus and other probiotics are easily available at health stores and drug stores.
Foods that are also naturally rich in probiotics, including:
  • miso soup
  • natural yogurt
  • kimchi
  • sauerkraut

13. Coconut oil

Virgin coconut oil is a multipurpose food with several health benefits.
It may help bout infection, reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
Virgin coconut oil is also very soothing which helps lubricate the mucous membranes in the throat.
Here are a some ideas you can try:
·      Add a spoonful oil to hot tea or hot cocoa.
·      Add a spoonful oil to soup.
·      Simply put a spoonful oil in your mouth and allow it to melt down your throat.

14. Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a fragrant and delicious spice that is high in antioxidants and offers antibacterial benefits.
It is old remedy for colds and flus and is used in Chinese medicine to ease sore throat pain.
Cinnamon tea is available for purchase in utmost grocery stores in both herbal and regular varieties. You can also add cinnamon to black tea.
Another delicious choice is to make your own cinnamon almond milk, which may be especially soothing on your throat.

15. Peppermint tea

Peppermint tea contains anti-inflammatory components and is extremely soothing to the throat. The mint may also somewhat numb your throat, thereby relieving pain.
There are numerous peppermint herbal teas on the market.
You can also make your own by steeping fresh peppermint leaves in hot water for three to five minutes, then straining off the leaves.
Peppermint tea is caffeine-free and its naturally sweet taste often wants no additional sweetener.

16. Chamomile tea

Chamomile is a daisy-like herbal plant that has been used for medicinal purposes since the many years.
You may be best familiar with it in the form of tea.
Chamomile tea is supposed to promote restful sleep, which is important for healing.
Chamomile may support to fight infection and reduce pain.
Chamomile tea is generally available at grocery stores and online. It has a enjoyable, mild aroma and flavor. Like other herbal teas, chamomile is caffeine free.

17. Herbal lozenges

Teas, infusions and other drinks are calming and provide hydration, but sometimes sucking on a throat lozenge can be soothing as well.
There are herbal throat lozenges available for purchase online and in some grocery stores. You can also make homemade throat lozenges with selected herbs listed in this article.


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24 health tips and home remedies for cough

Health tips and Home Remedies  24 Health tips and Home Remedies for Cough What Is Cough? Coughs play an important role in remo...